Child Passenger Safety
NEW YORK STATE CHILD PASSENGER RESTRAINT LAW
Beginning March 27, 2005 -
Children ages 4, 5, and 6, riding
in any seating position of a motor vehicle will be required to be restrained in
an appropriate child restraint system.
does "child restraint system" mean?
child restraint system is any device, used in conjunction with safety belts,
designed for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position children and
meets the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards set forth in 49 C.F.R.
may be a child safety seat or harness/vest or booster seat. (The vehicle's
safety belts are not
a child restraint system.)
does "appropriate" mean?
appropriate child restraint system is one that meets the child's height,
weight, and size according to the manufacturer's recommendation for that
is the fine for a violation?
will range from $25 to $100 for violations.
is the occupant restraint law for children who are under the age of 4?
under the age of 4 are required to be restrained in a federally approved child
safety seat when riding in a motor vehicle. If the weight of a child under the
age of 4 exceeds 40 pounds, the child may be restrained in an appropriate child
restraint system, allowing the child to use a booster seat.
the new law apply to school buses?
However, children under the age of 4 must be restrained in a federally approved
child safety seat when riding in a school bus. Liveries, taxis, and public
transportation buses are exempt from the occupant restraint law.
a child turns 4 years old, should he or she be in a booster seat?
necessarily. Choose the restraint system that will fit your child's weight and
size. Read the manufacturer's instructions and recommendations for that
particular seat. For maximum protection, keep a child in a forward-facing child
safety seat with full internal harness until they reach the manufacturer's
recommendations for upper size limits. The harness provides upper body, head,
and neck protection.
should use a booster seat?
next step of children who havee outgrown a forward-facing child safety seat is
a booster seat, usually when a child weighs more than 40 pounds or grows more
than 40 inches in height.
type of booster seat should you use?
There are two
major types of belt-positioning booster seats:
- Backless or low-back booster seats are used
in vehicles with a high seat back in which the child's head can be
supported by the vehicle seat back or head restraint.
- High-back booster seats are used in vehicles
with a low seat back where there is no vehicle seat back or head restraint
to support the child's head and neck.
must be used with both the lap and shoulder belt. A booster seat should never
be used with a lap belt only.
should you move your child from a booster seat to an adult seat belt?
Your child should
stay in a booster seat until the adult seat belt fits him or her properly. This
is usually when your child reaches 4'9" in height and is about 8 years
old. Please make sure that your child meets all of the following requirements
for a proper seat belt fit:
- The lap belt should be low across the upper
thighs or hips, not across the abdomen.
- The shoulder belt should lie across the chest
and shoulder, not touching the neck or face.
- Your child should be able to sit with his or
her back straight against the vehicle seat back with knees bent at the
seat's edge without slouching.
- Your child should be able to ride this way
for the entire trip.